Transportation & Wash Facilities
Practicing Biosecurity When Delivering Swine
High traffic sites such as assembly yards and abattoirs pose a risk of contamination to your animals and your operation. It is important to protect yourself when visiting these high traffic sites.
Hog Transport Vehicle Wash/Disinfect/Dry Protocols – CSHB
All trucks and trailers returning from high-risk sites should be properly washed and disinfected (and preferably dried) according to the Canadian Swine Health Board (CSHB) standard.
Disinfectants Proven Effective against Coronaviruses – EQSP
Disinfectants act to inactivate pathogens and can be extremely effective when applied to a visually clean surface. Different disinfectants have different effectiveness against different pathogens, depending on their type, concentration, and contact time. Only certain disinfectants are effective against coronaviruses, such as PEDv.
Disinfection in Freezing Temperatures – EQSP
At temperatures below freezing, propylene glycol (PG) can added to disinfectants to delay them from freezing and allow adequate contact time to kill pathogens. As much as 40% PG (by volume) must be used in the disinfectant solution to allow adequate contact time below -20°C.
Establish a Line of Separation (LOS) – National Pork Board (US)
The Line of Separation (LOS) is the line between an area considered to be “clean” (e.g. your barn) and an area considered to be “dirty” (e.g. a livestock trailer). Make sure no one and nothing passes from the dirty side to the clean side without the proper sanitary precautions. If you must cross the LOS, wear dedicated/disposable footwear and clothing for the task. Have a disposal plan to remove and contain used/contaminated equipment.
Transportation Biosecurity Protocols – National Pork Board (US)
Transport trailers and equipment need to be clean before transporting pigs. Loadout areas should also be disinfected between loads. Pathogens can be carried into a barn on pigs’ or people’s feet. An LOS exists between the trailer and the barn. Pigs should only flow in one direction from the “clean” side to “dirty” side. Barn workers and transporters should never cross the LOS into the other person’s side.
Biosecure Unloading Procedures for Transporters Delivering Pigs
Transporters need to follow strict biosecurity protocols when picking up or delivering pigs, especially at high-traffic sites such as abattoirs and assembly yards. Drivers are not to enter the barn or office except in exceptional circumstances, and they must wear disposable boot covers at all times when outside of their truck cab.
Biosecure Trailer Entry – Rubbermaid® Protocol (best practice)
(Click here for video demonstration.)
Western Canadian Swine Transport Wash Program (WCSTWP)
The main objectives of the Western Canadian Swine Transport Wash Program (WCSTWP) are to:
- Assess wash operations in western Canada that handle swine transport vehicles.
- Provide the completed assessment and a benchmarking report to participating operations, which compares their operations to others in western Canada.
- Enable and encourage wash operations to continually improve their facilities and practices.
- Allow participating facilities to provide additional assurance to their clients about their wash practices.
- Offer participating facilities the ability to publicize their participation in the program, if assessed within the last year.
Wash operations will be assessed using the Wash Facility Assessment and the Wash Procedure Assessment. A trailer Visual Inspection Checklist is also used. Participating facilities will be provided with a benchmark report, similar to this example.
To participate in the WCSTWP, wash operations in western Canada are encouraged to contact the pork producer organization in their respective province and arrange an assessment visit with a trained assessor.
Wash operations wishing to publicize their participation in the WCSTWP*
|Company||Location||Assessor||Most Recent Assessment (in last year)|
|Wolf Creek Truck Wash||Lacombe, AB||Dr. Egan Brockhoff||February 19, 2015|
|Blue Wash Water||Acme, AB||Dr. Egan Brockhoff||February 18, 2015|
|Blue Wash Water||Blumenort, MB||Dr. Blaine Tully||February 10, 2015|
|Blue Wash Water||Brandon, MB||Dr. Blaine Tully||February 9, 2015|
* Fourteen (14) wash operations have been assessed on the program since January 2015
The WCSTWP also provides disclosure documents that allow transporters to provide additional assurance to their producer clients on specific loads. Transporters can describe the recent history of their truck and trailer before they arrive at the client’s farm, including when and where they last came into contact with swine and when, where and how they were last washed. If used, these documents should be sent electronically to clients in advance of hauling.